Religion is considered a personal matter... not supposed to be propagated in public.
1.2% of the Dutch population, attends Mass on a given Sunday... Catholic University in Nijmegen.. 2007
Inventing the Muslim Cool: Islamic Youth Culture in Western Europe
Islam is a relatively new and fast-growing religion in the Netherlands
religion lost its influence on the Dutch politics and as a result in the 1980s and 1990s the Dutch policy on abortion, euthanasia, homosexuality, and prostitution became very liberal.
an official complaint website about cults, sects, new religious movements, spiritual courses, philosophy courses, and therapy groups exists...
Unique very sunny apartment!
Religion in the Netherlands
Religion in the Netherlands was predominantly Christian until late into the 20th century. Although religious diversity remains, there has been a decline of religious adherence. The Netherlands is one of the most secular countries in Western Europe, with only 39% being religiously affiliated (31% for those aged under 35), and fewer than 5.6% visiting church regularly (meaning once or more per month) in 2010. Religion is in the Netherlands generally considered a personal matter which is not supposed to be propagated in public.
The Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (Social and Cultural Planning Agency, SCP) expects the number of non-affiliated Dutch to be at 72% in 2020.
Main article: Roman Catholicism in the Netherlands
Basilica of Saint Servatius (built 570) in Maastricht is the oldest church in the Netherlands.
Currently, Roman Catholicism is the single largest religion of the Netherlands, forming some 24 percent of the Dutch people in 2011, down from 40 percent in the 1970s. The number of Catholics is not only declining, but many people who identify themselves as Roman Catholics also do not regularly attend Sunday Mass. Fewer than 200,000 people, or 1.2% of the Dutch population, attends Mass on a given Sunday, according to the Catholic University of Nijmegen Institute for Ecclesiastical Statistics (KASKI) in their 2007 annual statistical update.
Main article: Protestant Church of the Netherlands
The Protestant Church of the Netherlands (PKN) forms the largest Protestant denomination, with some 10.8% of the population, down from 60% in the early 20th century. It was formed in 2004 as a merger of the two major strands of Calvinism: the Dutch Reformed Church and the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands and a smaller Lutheran Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Church embraces religious pluralism. Research shows that 42% of the members of the PKN are non-theist. Furthermore, in the Protestant Church in the Netherlands (PKN) and several other smaller denominations of the Netherlands, 1 in 6 clergy are either agnostic or atheist. The number of members falls on average by about 2.5% per year. This is caused primarily by the death of older members and little growth among the younger population. Baptists, Lutheran, Pentecostal in 2007 was about 1% of the population. In 2014 it dropped to about 0.6% of the total population.
Main article: Islam in the Netherlands
Islam is a relatively new and fast-growing religion in the Netherlands, 5% of the Dutch population are Muslims. In 2006, there were 850,000 Muslims. Approximately 1,500 belong to the Ahmadiyya sect in Islam. Muslim numbers began to rise after the 1970s as the result of immigration. Some migrants from former Dutch colonies, such as Surinam and Indonesia, were sometimes Muslim, but migrant workers from Turkey and Morocco are the biggest part, as well as their children. During the 1990s, the Netherlands opened its borders for Muslim refugees from countries like Bosnia and Herzegovina, Somalia, Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan. Of the immigrant ethnic groups, 100% of Bosniaks; 99% of Moroccans; 90% of Turks; 69% of Asians; 64% of other Africans, and 12% of Surinamese were Muslims. Muslims form a diverse group.
In 2014, There are almost one million Muslims in the Netherlands, representing almost 6% of the population (euro-islam.info). Muslims are concentrated in large urban areas, particularly the four largest cities of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Ulrecht. The Netherlands has some of the largest Muslim communities in the European Union, in percentage terms. In recent years a growing number of converts to Islam contributes to this increase.
Main article: History of Jews in the Netherlands
The Portuguese Synagogue (built 1675) in Amsterdam is the oldest synagogue in the Netherlands.
Because of its social tolerance, the Dutch Republic formed a haven for Jews that were persecuted because of their beliefs throughout Europe. Prominent Dutch Jews include Baruch Spinoza, a 17th-century philosopher, Aletta Jacobs, a 19th-century feminist, and Henri Polak, who founded both the socialist party SDAP and the labor union NVV. The majority of Jews lived in Amsterdam, where they formed an eighth (90,000) of the population. During the Second World War about 75% of Dutch Jews were deported and murdered in the Holocaust.
Cults, sects, and new religious movements
Cults, sects, and new religious movements have the same legal rights as larger and more mainstream religious movements. The Dutch government chose not to make special laws regarding cults, sects or new religious movements (generally all informally called "sekten" in Dutch).
Since November 2012, an official complaint website about cults, sects, new religious movements, spiritual courses, philosophy courses, and therapy groups exists. The website was initiated by the Ministry of Security and Justice. The website can also refer people to psychological counsellors. The immediate reason for this website was an undercover documentary by the commercial TV station SBS6, presented by Alberto Stegeman about the Miracle of Love movement.
Secularization, and the decline in religiosity, started around 1880 and first became broader noticeable after 1960 in the Protestant rural areas of Friesland and Groningen. Then, it spread to Amsterdam, Rotterdam and the other large cities in the west. In the 1980's, finally the Catholic southern areas started to show religious declines. A countervailing trend is produced by a religious revival in the Protestant Bible Belt, and the growth of Muslims and Hindu communities resulting from immigration and high birth rates.
After the Second World War the major religions began to decline, while a new religion, Islam, began to increase in numbers. During the 1960s and 1970s, pillarization began to weaken and the population became less religious. In 1971, 39% of the Dutch population were members of the Roman Catholic Church; by 2007, their share of the population had dropped to 26% (KASKI data). The proportion of adherents of mainline Protestantism declined in the same period from 31% to 11%. An additional 5% of the population adheres to other Protestant churches. With only 39% of the Dutch currently adhering to a church, the Netherlands is one of the least religious countries of Europe. During the 1960s till 1980s, religion lost its influence on the Dutch politics and as a result in the 1980s and 1990s the Dutch policy on abortion, euthanasia, homosexuality and prostitution became very liberal.
During the same period, Islam increased from nearly 0% to 5%. The main Islamic immigrants came from Surinam and Indonesia, as a result of decolonization, Turkey and Morocco, as migrant workers, and Iraq, Iran, Bosnia and Afghanistan as refugees. Religious tensions heightened after Theo van Gogh was killed in 2004 by Mohammed Bouyeri, a conservative Muslim.
FOR RENT: Church turned in a Condo apartment living space.
Brinklaan 115 B81404 GB Bussum € 335.000 k.k. funda.nl
Uniek zeer zonnig appartement gelegen op de 1e en 2e etage van de Sint Vituskerk in hartje centrum van Bussum.
English: Unique very sunny apartment located on the 1st and 2nd floor of the St. Vitus Church in the center of Bussum.